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Adaptive Vehicles

An adaptive vehicle is a car or truck that has been adapted for use by a person with a disability. Automobiles, whether a car or a van, can be adapted for a range of physical disabilities and are successfully used by persons with a spinal cord injury or disease, stroke and amputations. Without an adaptive vehicle, these people would not be able to drive.

1. Adaptive Driving - Where to Begin.

1.1. What is a Driving Assessment?

Driving Assessment: Association of Driver Rehabilitation Specialists recommends that every person get evaluated for adapted driving and that adaptations and modifications are recommended individually. 

1.2. Driver Training and Evaluation Services

ADED, Inc. - The Association for Driver Rehabilitation Specialists. ADED maintains a searchable listing of companies and clinics that can provide evaluation and driver training services.


1.3. United Spinal Association Webinar: Adaptive Automotive Equipment Options

Adaptive Automotive Equipment Options for People with Spinal Cord Injuries 1/24/18
This webinar highlights a range of topics pertaining to adaptive automotive equipment for personal use and information for allied health care practitioners and other stakeholders in understanding and advocating for individuals seeking automotive vehicle modification solutions. In addition, it educates consumers and caregivers about the unique process involved in evaluating and purchasing appropriate automotive options to fit specific accessibility needs. The webinar will also provide a high-level summary of available products and solutions from the National Mobility Equipment Dealers Association's Quality Assurance Program for people with disabilities who want to drive or be transported safely.
View Webinar Video | View Webinar PDF | Webinar Transcript

1.4. American Drivers Alliance Auto Club

American Drivers Alliance Auto Club
ADA Nationwide Roadside Assistance provide emergency roadside services for your wheelchair, scooter and your vehicles with transportation for the whole family. Like Triple A only better.

1.5. Forum Video-Driving after Spinal Cord Injury

Northwest Regional Spinal Cord Injury System Forum video "On the Road Again: Driving after Spinal Cord Injury"  

Driving can give a person tremendous independence after SCI. More people with SCI can drive than you might think, but getting back behind the wheel can be a complicated process. In this video you will learn what it takes to return to driving, how to find vehicles that might work for you, and some options for potential funding. Melissa Patopea, OTR/L, talks about the University of Washington's Driving Rehabilitation Program, which evaluates individuals with disabilities for driving potential, determines what vehicle and which types of equipment best suit them, and provides instruction and practice in the use of adaptive driving equipment. Then we hear from several individuals with paraplegia and tetraplegia (quadriplegia) explain how they chose the vehicles they currently drive, discuss their equipment and modifications, and share videos showing them "on the road again." This SCI Forum took place on June 12, 2012 at the University of Washington Medical Center.

We need your feedback! After watching the video, please complete our 2-minute survey. Thank you.

Check out our other videos at http://sci.washington.edu/videos.

You can follow the Northwest Regional Spinal Cord Injury System on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Vimeo.


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Cynthia Salzman, MHA
Northwest Regional Spinal Cord Injury System
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
University of Washington, Box 356490, Seattle, WA 98195
Phone: 206-685-3999; Fax: 206-685-3244

1.6. Working Cars for Working Families

Working Cars for Working Families is a group of organizations united to ensure that working families can get, keep, and use a reliable used car at fair terms. We are a coalition of varied organizations,
yet we all recognize the importance of a car to the success of families. Collectively and individually we strive to improve public policy, practices, and understanding.
We work in variety of areas such as:

- Improving consumer protection to stop abuses in car sales and finance and bring fairness and transparency to the marketplace.
- Promoting non-profits that provide struggling families with cars or financing or both at subsidized rates.
- Improving data collection and analysis to better understand the benefits of and challenges to car ownership for working families.

2. Adapted vehicles

2.1. Adapting Motor Vehicles For People With Disabilities

Adapting Motor Vehicles For People With Disabilities

The information in this brochure is based on the experience of driver rehabilitation specialists and other professionals who work with individuals who require adaptive devices for their motor vehicles. It is centered around a proven process -evaluating your needs, selecting the right vehicle, choosing a qualified dealer to modify your vehicle, being trained, maintaining your vehicle - that can help you avoid costly mistakes when purchasing and modifying a vehicle with adaptive equipment.

2.2. Adapted van classified ad websites

Adapted van classified van ad websites and other local search locations:

Wheelchair getaways vans classified listings

AMS vans classified listings

Rollx used/reconditioned adapted vans

Cars.com advanced searches: (place the word 'wheelchair' in the keyword box)

Craig's List select automobiles/trucks (for your area) and use keyword: 'wheelchair'

BLVD:  Listing 


2.3. Nationwide Adapted Van Rentals

Nationwide Adapted Van Rentals-Accessible Vans of America (AVA) is dedicated to providing quality rental vans with handicap accessible features. Our organization is a group of independent wheelchair van dealers who are all committed to improving the accessible transportation options for people requiring adaptive equipment for mobility. All of our wheelchair rental vans are regularly inspected to ensure that you receive an accessible vehicle rental that is reliable and comfortable.

2.4. Adapted vehicles financing option

Our PDF Credit Applications are attached in addition to a few templates to take the customer to a specific online application.

Here is a quick summary of what we offer and where to begin:


Eligability: New Chassis/New Conversion Dodge, Chrysler, Honda & Toyota | All Used Chassis/New or Used Conversion 2003 and newer with lowered floor conversion.


No down payment requirement

No limit on mileage

Rates as low as 2.80%

Always simple interest loans with no pre-payment penalties

Terms up to 75 months


Credit application via our secure online application: BMF Quick and Secure Credit Application.

PDF Credit App. also attached, or you can use yours and Fax to my attention at (800) 768-5877 or email Sherri@BrandlMobility.com


If your customer needs to do a phone application, just send me their contact info & best time to reach them and I'll do the rest.


We can either do a sort of "Pre-Qualify" before you have your customer pick out a van, or we will need an Estimate giving the van & conversion information, pricing, and any other fees or factors (Trade-In, 3rd Party Payment, DOC or shipping fees, optional equipment, warranties or transfer fees).


In most cases, I can process your application within 24 hours. If it's a rush deal, I can do it within an hour.


If the customer is in the store, we can approve while they wait and have paperwork there the next day in most cases.


Applications submitted to and turned down with other lenders and/or bad credit, will take much more time to process since these scenarios are usually more of a "project" than a process.


We do get people into vans that are turned down by other lenders. As a general rule, if the customer has a credit score below 620, the conversion needs to be paid for in order for us to do anything.


Please call me with any additional information or questions you may have.


Thank you,



Sherri Johnson

Main: (866) 829-1900x404

Mobile: (763) 412-2591

Email: sherri@bmfinancing.com












3. Where can I purchase an accessible vehicle?

3.1. National Mobility Equipment Dealers Association (NMEDA)

The Benefits of Purchasing from a NMEDA Member Dealer

As advocates for accessibility and leaders in the mobility industry, NMEDA member dealers strive to provide persons with disabilities with a one-stop shop for quality wheelchair adapted vehicles. Thinking about purchasing your own mobility vehicle? The following are the top five reasons to purchase from a NMEDA dealer in your area.   Click here for more details:  http://www.nmeda.com/why-nmeda/benefits/"

3.2. State by State Listing of Accessible Van Dealers

USA TechGuide contains one of the most complete guides to accessible van dealers. The listing is arranged by state with company descriptions and links to the dealer websites.

3.3. Used adapted vehicle sources

Selected sources for locating a used, adapted vehicle:

Wheelchair getaways vans classified listings

Rollx used/reconditioned adapted vans with limited warrenty

AMS vans classified listings

Cars.com advanced searches: (place the word 'wheelchair' in the keyword box)

Craig's List select automobiles/trucks (for your area) and use keyword: wheelchair

4. Funding for vehicle modifications

4.1. New Mobility Article: "Affordable Vans and Cars"

Affordable Vans and Cars

A New Mobility article published in 2014.  Provides suggestions for funding and a list of useful resources at the conclusion of the article. 

4.2. Requests for Handicapped Wheelchair Vans and Vehicles - Via Email

The Special Kids Fund accepts requests for anyone in need of a handicapped adapted vehicle either for an adult or child.

4.3. Funding Sources

Funding sources for vehicle modifications:

Infinitec resources for vehicle modifications:  http://www.infinitec.org/funding-for-car-modifications

Easter Seals Project Action:  A list of resources that can assist in funding the purchase or modification of an accessible vehicle available on the Easter Seals Project Action website.  

5. Who can modify my vehicle?

5.1. Resources for Vehicle Modification

Looking for someone to modify your vehicle?  Check with the National Mobility Equipment Dealers Association for dealers in your area that can assit you here: http://www.nmeda.com/

5.2. State by State Listing of Adaptive Van Dealers

USA TechGuide contains one of the most complete guides to accessible van dealers. The listing is arranged by state with company descriptions and links to the dealer websites.

6. Air medical transport

6.1. Air Ambulance Specialists

American Medical Response - AMR Air Ambulance provides air ambulance services for basic and advanced life support patients.

6.2. Air Compassion America

Air Compassion America - Air Compassion America is a non-profit patient advocacy/assistance organization established to help locate and coordinate bed-to-bed air ambulance service. ACAM's mission is to help patients and families undergoing a difficult health crisis by offering them compassionate counseling and working to lower air ambulance and medically assisted travel costs.

6.3. Angel Flight West

Angel Flight

At Angel Flight West we provide free air transportation via the kind services of our volunteer pilots. We fly patients to and from scheduled medical treatment. Patients are required to be ambulatory (able to walk and get in and out of the aircraft with little to no assistance) and be medically stable. Because our flights are free of charge financial need is verified. Other reasons for flying with us include living in a rural area isolated from any international airports or a patient being immuno-compromised due to treatment that they are undergoing. We only have resources to go no more than a 1000 nautical miles.

In addition, Angel Flight West has a partnership with Alaska Airlines to provide transportation to and from Alaska via Alaska Airlines.  They also are proud to be one of Alaska Airlines featured charities for donated miles. 

Angel Flight West covers the 13 western states, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

6.4. Angel Flight Mid-Atlantic

Angel Flight Mid-Atlantic - Angel Flight Mid-Atlantic is a non-profit organization serving patients in need and their families. We provide air transport to specialized medical facilities for evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.

Angel Flight Mid-Atlantic provides medical air transport for patients departing from: District of Columbia, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia

Dedicated To Helping Financially Needy Patients With Free Medical Air Transportation.

6.5. Children's Angel Flight

Children's Angel Flight - Angel Flight Mid-Atlantic is a non-profit organization serving patients in need and their families. We provide air transport to specialized medical facilities for evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.

The mission and purpose of Children's Angel Flight (CAF) is "...to ensure that no needy child patient is denied access to distant specialized medical evaluation, diagnosis or treatment for lack of a means of long-distance medical air transportation."

6.6. Corporate Angel Network

Corporate Angel Network - Organization which arranges free plane transportation for cancer patients and bone marrow donors going to and/or from recognized cancer treatment centers. Must be able to walk up the stairs of a private aircraft without assistance and require no form of medical help or life support while on board. Call with a specific date. Requests are taken up to 3 weeks in advance.

Toll Free: 800-328-4226

E-mail: info@corpangelnetwork.org

6.7. Footprints in the Sky

Footprints in the Sky is a Denver-based 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation dedicated to providing flights to medical facilities throughout the United States, for all people in need of Medical Care, whether it be routine in nature, or critical and life-saving. Our goal is to provide humanitarian assistance to patients without the financial capability and resources to facilitate this travel for themselves.

6.8. Hope Air

Hope Air - Hope Air is a registered charity who arranges free medical air transportation to Canadians who must travel to receive medical care out of area location.

Contact Information
Toll Free: 1-877-346-4673

6.9. Hospital Wing

Hospital Wing - The Wing" is a non-profit air medical transport which provides inter-hospital transfers as well as emergency scene calls within 150 mile radius of Memphis. This area includes West Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Alabama, and Kentucky.

Hospital Wing transports patients based on medical need, not membership status and transports patients to the closest, medically appropriate facility as directed by approved parties.

6.10. Lifeline Air Ambulance

Lifeline Air Ambulance - Lifeline Air Ambulance provides worldwide emergency and routine air ambulance services.

6.11. Mercy Medical Airlift

Mercy Medical Airlift - MMA's mission is to ensure that no needy patient is denied access to distant specialized medical evaluation, diagnosis or treatment for lack of a means of long-distance medical air transportation; further, to ensure the provision of urgent transportation in situations of compelling human need and homeland security emergencies.

America's Charitable Medical Transportation System. 

6.12. Miracle Flights for Kids

Miracle Flights for Kids - Miracle Flights for Kids® flies children who are struggling with serious cancers and debilitating diseases and disorders to specialized medical treatment centers throughout the United States. Any child needing medical treatment or is seeking a second opinion that is not available in their area is eligible to apply for a miracle mission.

Miracle Flights for Kids® is the nation's leading nonprofit health and welfare organization.

One of the few requirements - Patients must be able to sit upright in a commercial airline seat or in a wheelchair.

Air-ambulance transport is not availalble through Miracle Flights for Kids.

6.13. Patient Airlift Services (PALS, in Northeastern US)


Patient Airlift Services (PALS) serves the Northeastern US.

Preferred contact # is: 631-694-PALS (7257)

Patient Airlift Services covers flights in the entire northeast United States as far west as Ohio and as far south as Virginia. Typical flight times in our general aviation aircraft will range from two to three hours per leg, covering 200 to 600 miles. Flights originating or terminating beyond our primary coverage area will be conducted by our member pilots, or will be coordinated with other similar organizations to provide you with a seamless travel itinerary.

6.14. PatientTravel.org: Charitable Medical Air Transportation Resources

PatientTravel - The NPTC exists to facilitate patient access to appropriate charitable medical air transportation resources in the United States. 

Patients requiring assistance call: 1-800-296-1217

6.15. REVA

 REVA- specializes in the successful, speedy and safe transport of patients needing to be transferred home or to a more appropriate medical facility worldwide.



6.16. Sky Hope

Sky Hope - is a non profit organization whose mission is simple:

Use the powerful network of Business Aviation to solve problems during emergencies and urgent situations.   Our work includes:

  • Coordination of Business Aviation relief flights during both small and large scale emergencies.
  • Coordination and referrals of flight requests for urgent or emergency situations through either Sky Hope's own aircraft network or other flight charity organizations.
  • Emergency assistance, both flight and non-flight related, for people in the Business Aviation community.

Contact Sky Hope to request a flight.