3.7. Bone Health
*Please note that the information offered through the Resource Center is provided for your general information and is not intended as medical advice. Please discuss any information of interest with your health care provider(s) to determine the information that is applicable to you, taking your individual circumstances into account.
- Bone Health and Osteoporosis Management in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice Guideline for Health Care Providers. Published by the Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) on behalf of the Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine (2022). These guidelines for health care professionals discuss bone health, osteoporosis, and fracture management. Healthcare professionals can receive a free PDF copy of PVA's latest clinical practice guideline at the above link.
- Bone Health (19 minutes)
This University of Alabama, Birmingham video discusses aspects of Heterotopic Ossification (Classifications, Etiology, Diagnosis, Prevention and treatment options) and Osteoporosis (Initial bone loss after traumatic injury, Impact of aging, Impact of menopause, Prevention and treatment options).
- Common musculoskeletal problems after SCI: Contractures, osteoporosis, fractures, and shoulder pain
A review of the SCI Forum, April 16, 2002, hosted by the Northwest Regional SCI System. Discusses the various problems that can occur with muscles, bones, ligaments and tendons as individuals with SCI age.
- Heterotopic Ossification:
A pamphlet produced by Craig Hospital that describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of heterotopic ossification (HO) for individuals with SCI.
- Bone Loss After Spinal Cord Injury (podcast -2022)
As bone loss is common after Spinal Cord Injury, it is important for you to understand how best to prevent, monitor, and treat it. Join this podcast presented by Dr. Mandy Rounds and Dr. Cristina Sadowsky which discusses bone health after Spinal Cord Injury.Dr. Mandy Rounds is a researcher at Medstar National Rehabilitation Hospital and Medstar Health Research Institute in Washington DC. Her work focuses on improving quality of life for those had neurological injuries or disease. Dr. Cristina Sadowsky is Associate Professor in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and is Clinical Director of the International Center for Spinal Cord Injury at Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, MD.
- Bone Loss After Spinal Cord Injury (2021)
This factsheet explains why bone loss happens to people with SCI, the risks for bone fracture, and how bone fractures can cause other health problems. The ways to treat bone loss and minimize the risk of having a fracture are outlined as well. Available in both English and Spanish and published by the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center. This content has been reviewed and approved by experts from the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems (SCIMS), funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR).
A pamphlet from Craig Hospital that discusses the risk of osteoporosis in individuals with SCI, it's diagnosis and treatment.
New Mobility Magazine Article
- Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents - Information provided by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease. Discusses scoliosis, Q&A, provides organizational links
- Find a Specialist who treats spinal deformities
- Scoliosis Research Society discusses scoliosis, treatment options and FAQs; includes link for finding a specialist
- National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.
- Scoliosis Association Inc., an international support and information organization that assists those with scoliosis by providing information, support groups and information lines.